Value-Based Payment Models In The Commercial Insurance Sector: A Systematic Review


Value-based payment models are a prominent strategy in health reform. Although Medicare payment models have been extensively evaluated, much less is known about value-based payment models in the commercial insurance sector. We performed the first systematic review of the quality, spending, and utilization effects of commercial models, extracting results from fifty-nine studies. Forty-one of these studies evaluated outcomes. More studies had positive results for quality outcomes (81 percent of studies) than for spending (56 percent) and utilization (58 percent). Less rigorous studies were more likely to find positive results. Given the mixed nature of the findings, commercial insurers should identify ways to strengthen value-based payment programs or leverage other strategies to improve health care value.

Health Affairs